Building and Construction INDUSTRY
Building and construction is one of the largest organized economic activities of India, as elsewhere in the world. It meets the second most important need of human beings, after food-that of shelter.
From a village hut to a skyscraper, and from roads and bridges to mighty stadiums and majestic dams, every human pursuit entails building and construction. It is a multifarious yet unorganized industry spread over the public, private and cooperative sector, employing a variety of talents in research, innovation, planning and development.
The building and construction industry, whose annual turnover runs into hundreds of billions of rupees has a special significance as it commands a high employment potential. From high caliber entrepreneurs and technocrats to unskilled labourers, about twenty million persons are engaged in the building and construction industry in India, meeting the housing needs of the people as well as the needs of the non-housing sector such as industry, commerce, transport, social services, defence, etc. The construction industry provides employment to various categories of workers outside India also.
Leather Technology INDUSTRY
The Indian leather industry has witnessed a transformation in recent years. From being a mere exporter of raw hides and skins, the industry today produces and exports fashionable leather garments, shoes, accessories, handbags, briefcases and other exotic goods. In fact, leather is India’s fourth largest export earner, after, after gems and jewellery, textiles and engineering goods. Export earner, after gems and jewellery, textiles and engineering goods. Exports of leather goods continue to rise steadily every year. Having increased the value of output of the leather industry from a mere 3 billion rupees in 1972 to 70 billion rupees in 1999, the appetite of the Indian leather industry for growth has indeed been whetted. Being the largest cattle owning country in the world, India has indeed a rich and varied raw material base.
The tanning and finishing capacity for processing 200 million pieces of hides and skins per annum are today spread over different parts of the country, most of which is organized along modern lines, increasing the capability of India to sustain a much larger industry.