History and Geography: Chandigarh nestles in a picturesque setting in the foothills of Shivalik hills and enjoys the popular epithet ‘the City Beautiful’. Representative of modern architecture and town planning, the city is a creation of the French architect, Le Corbusier. Chandigarh and the area surrounding it were constituted as a a Union Territory on 1 Nov. 1966. It serves as the joint capital of both Punjab and Haryana states. It is bounded on north and west by Punjab and on the east and south by Haryana.
Dadra and Nagar haveli
History: After prolonged skirmishes between the Portuguese and Marathas, on 17th Dec. 1779, the Maratha Govt. assigned the aggregated revenue of Rs. 12,000 in a few villages of this territory to the Portuguese as compensation to ensure their friendship. The Portuguese ruled this territory until its liberation by the people on 2 Aug. 1954. Subsequently the administration was carried on for some time by an administrator. However, the territory was merged with the Indian Union on 11 Aug. 1961 and since then is being administered by the Govt. of Indian as a Union Territory through the Administrator.
The Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli has an area of 491 sq km surrounded by Gujarat and Maharashtra. It consists of two pockets, namely, Dadra and Nagar Haveli. There are 72 villages of which one village Kothar is almost uninhabited.
Economy: Dadra and Nagar Haveli, a predominantly rural area having about 79 per cent population of tribals has about 79 per cent population of tribals has about 23,627 hectare under cultivation. Major crop is paddy (Kharif) while Nagli and other hill-millets are crops of the are. Among fruits, mango, chiku and bannas, etc., are also produced. Forests cover 40 per cent of the total geographical area. The tribal population that leans heavily on forests have been given exclusive rights for collection of minor forest produce free of cost.