Government of India

Ministry of Human Resource Development

Department of Higher Education Copyright Office


“Respect Copyright and contribute towards India’s economic growth”

  • The Copyright Act, 1997 protects only original expression of the ideas. They subsist in literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works, cinematograph film and sound recordings. Computer programme and computer databases are also protected as literary works under the Indian law.

  • The author of a copyrighted work, being the first owner except in case of contract of service or commissioned work, enjoys certain exclusive economic rights with respect to his/her works. These include right to reproduction, to publication, to adaption, to translation and to communication or performance in public. The owner can also assign, license, bequeath or relinquish the copyright to another party if he wishes so.

  • The right to authorship or attribution and right to integrity of respect which are ‘moral rights’ recognized under the Act are inalienable or non-transferable rights.

  • Authors or his/her legal heirs of the original copy of a painting, sculpture or drawing, or of the original manuscript of a literary or dramatic work or musical work, if he/she was the first owner of rights shall, notwithstanding any assignment of copyright in such work, have a right to share up to 10% in the resale-price of such original copy or manuscript or as decided by the Copyright Board if resale price is exceeding ten thousand rupees.

  • Copyright infringement occurs when any person exploits a copyrighted work for profit without a licence or permits for profit any place to be used for the communication of the work to the public. Any commercial exploitation of a copyrighted work leads to economic loss to the owners of copyright. And it also adversely affects author’s’ creativity .

  • Some of the common acts of infringement (Piracy) of copyrighted works are illegal uploading or downloading of music/films, including literary works on internet, sale of infringing copies of music CDs, DVDs (films), computer software and books and transmission of broadcast signals in unauthorized manner.

  • Infringement of compyrighted works not only harmful to the growth and development of creative industries such as film, music, broadcasting, book publishing including computer software and but also contribution of these industries to GDP of the country.

  • One can file a report against any copyright infringement of book, music, video, film (CD/DVD) in nearby police station. The civil and criminal remedies against infringement are provided in the Act.

  • Infringement of it is criminal offence punishable under the copyright act, and the police are empowered to take necessary action. Any person who knowingly infringes or abets the infringement of the copyright in a work shall be punishable with a minimum imprisonment of six months to maximum three years and with a fine of minimum fifty thousands and a maximum of two lakh rupees.

  • The acts which do not constitute infringement or exceptions to it are reproduction, adaptation or translation of works for private use, research and study, teaching writing examination, criticism or review, reporting current events, judicial proceedings, legislature work, armature club, and for religious, government and marriage ceremonies.

  • By purchasing and using genuine copies of the work, you are respecting copyright and thereby protecting the economic interest of the creator of the work and the industry that invested money in making it available to the public. This will discourage illegal making and distribution of works without rewarding the actual creators of the work. By respecting it, you are joining hands with others to make India an economic power of the world.

  • Sensitize everyone about the importance of copyright and contribute towards India’s economic growth.

Issued by the Copyright office, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources and Development, Government of India, 4th Floor, jeevan Deep Building, parliament Street, new Delhi – 110001. For any clarification you may visit the website at http/ /


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