Daman and Diu

Daman and Diu

History and Geography: Daman and Diu alongwith goa was colony held by the Portuguese after Independence. In 1961, it was made an integral part of india. After conferring statehood on Goa on 30 May 1987, Daman & Diu was made a separate Union Territory. Daman lies about 193 km away from Mumbai. It is bound on borth by the Kolak river, on east by Gujarat, on south by Kalai river and on west by the gulf of Cambay. Diu is an island. It is connected by two bridges.

Delhi

History and Geography: The city of Delhi finds prominent reference right from the times of the epic Mahabhrata. Delhi or Indraprastha, as it was called in the ancient times went on passing from one kingdom to another, beginning with the Mauryas, Guptas, Palas of Central India, and then to the Afghan and the Muslim invaders for about four centuries, and finally to the Mughals in the 16th century. In the later half of the 18th century and early 19th century, the British rule engulfed Delhi and in 1911, it was the centre of all activities. After 1947, it became the capital of India and was made a Union Territory in 1957.

Lying in the norther part of the country, Delhi is surrounded by Haryana on all sides except the east where it borders with Uttar Pradesh.

Economy: Delhi is not only the largest commercial centre in northern India but also the largest centure of small industries. Sonce 1974, a large number of industrial concerns have been established. They manufacture a wide variety of itmes like television, tape recorders, light engineering machines and automobile parts, razor blades, sports goods, bicycles and FVC goods including footwear, textiles, fertilizers, medicines, hosiery, leather goods, soft drinks etc.

Irrigation facilities are being provided through canals, tube-wells and effluent from seage treatment plants at Keshavpur, Okhla and Coronation Pillar. More than 75 per cent cropped area is covered under assured irrigation. Special attention is paid to provide irrigation facilities to the scheduled castes and marginal farmers through state tubewells.

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