Floods and famines are great natural calamities. These twin calamities continue to ravage vast areas in spite of great scientific progress. India has frequently been ravaged by these natural disasters.
Torrential monsoon rains or the melting of glaciers swell up our big rivers. These swollen rivers often burst their banks and dams and their furious waters flood vast tracts of land. Whole villages are swept away along with people and cattle. Houses collapse. Roads, railway lines and bridges and means of communication fall easy prey to this blind, ruthless fury of nature.
Famines are caused by too much or too little rain. Too much rain causes floods which destroy standing crops. Because of the destruction of forests and trees the rushing water caused by torrential rains cannot be checked. Thus, floods are formed. Too little rain means poor or no crops and scarcity of drinking water. Scarcity of water and failure of crops drive great masses of men and beasts to cruel death through through thirst and starvation. There is no remedy against the evils of drought or famine.
Relief measures provide some help to the victims of these two natural calamities. Thanks to modern means of transport and communication, the essentials of life can now be supplied to people in flood or famine-stricken areas, quickly and effectively. Food packets, medicines, clothes, and blankets are airdropped from helicopters into the flood affected areas. Food grains and even drinking eater are rushed to the famine-stricken areas. Public works like road-making and other construction activities are undertaken to provide work and relief to the famine-stricken areas. Public works like road-making and other construction activities are undertaken to provide work and relief to the famine-stricken people. Camps are opened for providing fodder to cattle. Medical caps are opened to check the spread of epidemics.
Permanent measures should be devised and adopted to fight the menace of floods and famines. Afforestation, growing more trees, construction of walls, dams and canals are some of the national level and people should extend their wholehearted support to the government in fighting them.