Forests form part of the vital natural resources of wildlife, but they also enhance the quality of the environment. Moreover, forests yield firewood, timber, fodder, industrial raw materials and other minor produce and contribute significantly to economic development.
Specially trained personnel are therefore needed to maintain and regenerate the forest cover, forest cover, forestry management experts and forest officers. In the remote areas of the country, where a size-able proportion of the population depends on the forests directly or indirectly for raw material, employment and other daily needs, forestry is the main source of employment. In these areas, appropriate steps are taken towards energy conservation, proper utilization of wastelands, and goods and services are also produced.
The number of women in forestry and forest management is no doubt a lot less than the number of men due to the hardships involved. However of ate, a substantial number of women have entered this profession. Women officers of the Indian forest Service in many states work in the forest areas, interacting with local people. In some states, however, such as Karnataka, Kerala, Orissa, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, women are not sent on field postings.
Gems and Jewellery INDUSTRY
The Indian jewellery industry has an ancient and historical tradition with its own distinct designs, patterns and art forms. For centuries, generations of master craftsmen, most of them illiterate, have helped create and perfect Indian jewellery in silver, gold and precious stones. But now, the profession has become highly skilled and mechanized, even though unskilled manpower is still utilized.
Both, traditional and modern jewellery is manufactured in the Indian jewellery industry. While the ancient tradition is retained, new designs are being merged with the old, and many more new designs made, particularly for export.
In fact, the gems and jewellery industry is the second major foreign exchange earner in the country. With a world market currently at over $90 billion, India has the potential to become a leading exporter of gems and jewellery in the years to come.
Until a few years ago, the jewellery industry was a family oriented male preserve. Today, more and more women are entering this field, both from families in the jewellery business and professionals with formal training. In fact, jewellery design and marketing is now manned mainly by women. Leading international jewellery brands have appointed women as their marketing heads, or ambassadors, as they are called, for India.