INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT IN LITERATURE AND FILMS
India gained independence at a cost. It was due to the blood and toil of many freedom fighters and revolutionaries. The people of the country showed unity among diversity. They show courage amidst adversity, and resilience in difficulty. It ensures India’s independence from the British rule. The underlying fact beneath many heroic deeds is an indomitable inspiration and aspiration derived from many works of repute, written by famed authors and poets of the time, to spark the fire and ignite the spirit of freedom among the people.
Writers and poets including Kaviguru Rabindranth Tagore, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and Muhammad Iqbal used the route of literature to reach out to the masses in the struggle for independence. Also, political discourses by eminent personalities including Mahatma Gandhi, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, and Lala Lajpat Rai before them were instrumental in spreading awareness among the people of the country to unite and work towards gaining independence.
Even verses and songs like Vande Mataram written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in his book Anandmath. Muhammad Iqbal penned And Saare Jahan se Accha. They were very popular examples of the independence movement. The press also played a major role towards enlightening the people on the political and social affairs of the country; many even played a role in binding people to their cultural identities and roots. In fact, nearly all the great freedom fighters of those times used to write columns for the press. Many even wrote while in imprison by the British. Bal Gangadhar Tilak’s newspapers Kesari and Mahratta were among them. They used for mobilizing the people towards gaining freedom. The British had charged Bal Gangadhar Tilak for sedition for publishing them.
Works of literary geniuses including Munshi premchand and Mahadevi Verma worked towards the emancipation of people, especially women of the times. Their works had target towards highlighting and subsequently removing the socialills prevalent in the society. These works we among the first to uplift people and the newly formed Bollywood industry then. He later started writing stories. His works highlight the pain and disunity which occurred during the time and the unfortunate circumstances which led to the loss of thousands of lives. His stories were pretty accurate in gauging the sentiments of the people during those times. And his works include Toba Tek Singh and The Dog of Tithwal are still very popular.
The independence struggle of the country has also been the highlight in numerous Hollywood and Bollywood films. Among them is the famous 1982 film Gandhi by Sir Richard Attenborough, in which Sir Ben Kingsley played the role of the Mahatma. The film is pretty accurate in terms of portraying the deeds of the Father of the Nation. Even the film Bose: The Forgotten Hero is showcased on TV every year, where the life and times of Netaji is shown, played by Sachin Khedekar. Similarly, popular films on bhagat Singh are also laid, recounting the tales of the legendary revolutionary who, along with Rajguru and Sukhdev, happily gave up their life for the country towards achieving freedom from the British.
Also, surely, everyone would have enjoyed watching Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra’s film Rang de Basanti, in which Aamir khan played a prominent role. The film evoked a lot of patriotism. And the virtues with which freedom was achieved, aptly juxtaposing the spirit of old generation with the inspiration gained by the youth of today. A must watch if you have still not watched the film! Here’s an interesting thing you can do on Independence Day. In the film, Rang de Basanti is also mentioned of Shahid Udham Singh, who was a revolutionary. As you know, Sir O’Dwyer had supported General Dyer’s decision of opening fire on a peaceful gathering in Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar in 1919. This was his revenge. Check out the song Frank Brazil by the band The ska Vengers, which highlights the whole episode.
About the independence movement and freedom struggle of Indian, there is ample highlight in literary works and in cinema. Today, we cherish the struggles undertaken by the many thousands in giving our country an identity, many of whom pain the price of freedom with their lives. It was for them, and all the inspiring works of independence and tales of uplift, that form the base of our country. Let us pledge to take it to greater heights. It would be a befitting ode to the martyrs and the freedom fighters. They worked towards a free India, a better India.