History and Geography: Not much is known of the early history of these islands. The islands supposed to have been inhabited first are Amini, Kalpeni, Andrott, Kavaratti and Agatti. The archaeological evidence recently unearthed indicated that there were Buddhist settlements around sixth or seventh centuries and the Earliest Muslim converts or settlers predate the year 139 AH of the Hijra year (eight century) of which data gravestones have recently been discovered in Agatti. This would tend to bear out the local tradition that Islam was brought to the islands by the Arab Saint, Ubaidulla. In 1956, the islands were constituted into a single territory and since then, have been directly administered by the Union Govt. through an Administrator. The Laccadives, Minicoy and Amindivi group of island were renamed as Lakshadweep in 1973.
Lakshadweep, a group of coral island consist of 12 atolls, three reefs and submerged sand banks. Of the 36 islands, only 11 are inhabited. These lie scattered in the Arabian Sea about 280 km to 480 km off Kerala coast between 8 & 12 3’ north latitude and 71 and 74 east longitude.
Economy: Coconut is the only major crop with a production of 27.7 m. nuts per year. Area under cultivation is about 27.50 sq km. fishing is another major acproductive. The island stand first in the country in per capita availability of fish.
Cocnut fibre extraction and conversion of its fibre products are the main industry in the Islands. Under government sector there are seven coir fibre factories, seven coir production-cumdemonstation centures and four fibre curling units, functioning under coir sector.