Physiotherapy is one of the most important rehabilitative services needed in a community. It is a vital therapeutic supplement of the medical profession, integral to the treatment of most patients.
Physiotherapy, as a profession, may briefly be defined as a science that seeks to alleviate movement dysfunction, to promote optimal health and functions of the human body. It involves the treatment of patients and functions of the human body. It involves the treatment of patients through exercise therapy and other therapeutic agents, including heat radiations, electricity, sound, water and massage, and is used to cure weak muscles, difficulties in the movements of shoulder and knee joints, paralysis, inborn and acquired deformities, gynecological ailments and other such disorders. Patients with such problems are referred by medical practitioners to physiotherapists who then take on the responsibility of restoring them to health.
Physiotherapists also train the permanently disabled and handicapped people to make their best use of the abilities.
Besides dealing with the preventive and premedical aspects of the disabled, they play a significant role in training sportsmen and in treating any injuries caused.
Although a relatively new profession in India, the demand for physiotherapists in the country is immense, especially with increasingly sedentary lifestyles.
Nursing services are the most important service in the hospital, whether they are in a general word or in an operation theatre. Nurses are the working arms of the doctors, constantly carrying out their duties for the betterment of the patients.
The profession requires service with dedication, love, tender care of the physically incapacitated, stick, injured, convalescing mothers, newborns, old persons and sometimes mentally deranged or sick people.
Nursing covers a range of jobs which vary widely in terms of levels of functions, responsibilities, professional qualifications required and environment worked in. there is therefore scope for people with widely different aims, interests and abilities. Some nurses, for example, concentrate entirely on bedside nursing, while others manage whole hospital groups.
Nursing is not a second-choice career for people unable to get into medical schools. The two professions are complementary and suit people with very different aims and personalities. A vital difference is that while a doctor’s contact with the patient is fleeting, the hospital nurse must establish and keep up a relationship with the patient.