Religion is an expression of man’s faith in some mysterious spirit that runs through the universe. It may be God or gods or simply an immanent and transcendental spirit. The Greeks were pagans and used to believe in many gods . In the primitive society, men believed that there are as many gods as there are different department of nature. Thus there is a god of the sun, a god of the moon, a god of winds, a god of rains etc. They were full of wonder at the mysterious activities of Nature, their marvelous order and regularity and they came to believe that there must be some spirits animating and guiding them. The Hindus also believe in many gods. With the progress of civilization men came to believe in one God who is the creator and sustainer of the universe.
Whether one believe in the existence of God or not, there is no doubt that there is somethings which is deeply inter-fused in Nature. There is an instinctive sense of the presence of a Supreme Power governing the universe. The minister of Nature go on working with order and regularity. A powerful unseen hand moulds the fate and fortune of man. Nine-tenth of what happens to man in life is unaccountable and mysterious. Like Hamlet every-man feels.
“There’s a divinity that shapes our feels.
Rough hew them how we will.”
This innate believe in the divinity can’t be taken reason. Science does not recognize anything unseen and unperceived as true.For science what is perceptible and what is apprehended by reason is true. Reason is the watchword of science. The existence of God can’t be established by reason. The conflict between science and religion is inevitable as there is a natural antithesis between faith and reason, between intuitive knowledge and empirical knowledge.
Tennyson has rightly observed:Let knowledge grow from more to more
But more of reverence in us dwell:.
Mind and soul must be equally developed and they should make one music in man. It is harmony that can make life beautiful and graceful.