History: The Czechoslovak federal republic was dissolved on dec. 31, 1992, and the two new republics of Czech and Slovakia were  born on Jan. 1, 1993. (See Czech Republic for details).

Slovakia is bounded by Poland, Ukraine, Czech republic, Austria and Hungary.

In the former Czechoslovakia, Slovakia was less industrialized than the Czech land.

Economy: Wheat, barley, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, sugar beet are the main agricultural products. In 1993, agriculture produced 20% of GDP.

Industry: Metallurgy, engineering, chemical, textile, glass. Main exports are chemicals, plastics, tractors and electronics items. Minerals: Coal, magnesite, metallic ore.

The Danube is the most important river. The underground ice and icicle caves are great tourist attractions, one of the largest being the Demanovska Cave of Freedom.

Recent Events: Slovakia joined Eu in 2004.


History: The Slovenes settled in their current territory in 6th to 8th centuries but fell under German domination in the 9th century. After 1848, the struggle for unification began. In 1918, Yugoslavia was established, and the majority of the Slovenes entered the new state, which became the kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Slovenia, the most affluent Yugoslav republic, declared independence on June 25, 1991. In feb. 1992, Ec granted recognition and in May, it was admitted to the Un. It is Croatia’s mainly. Slovenia joined the European Union on May 1, 2004.

Economy: Wheat, potatoes, maize, timber, livestock are the agricultural products. Industry: Steel, textiles, electricity, motor vehicles, sulphuric acid, bauxite.

Solomon Islands

History: The Solomon Islands are in the South West Pacific and lie to the wast of Papua New Guinea. Originally a British protectorate, it achieved independence in 1978. It is a constitutional monarchy with the British Sovereign as Head of State.

Economy: Copra is the main cash crop and rice the chief food crop. Other crops: Bananas, yams. Industry: fish canning, rice milling, food, tobacco. Fish is a vital element in food and an export item.

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