Jesus came to give himself as a sacrifice for all peoples – so that we could find God. The Luke and Matthew accounts of the birth of Jesus have a number of points in common.
Jesus, who is also called Christ as in Messiah or king, and Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure in Christianity. Most Christian denominations regard him as the Son of God. Basically all experts and scholars agree that Jesus Christ actually existed. Jesus was born in Israel more than 2000 years ago. Today, his birth marks the end of the period B.C. (Before Christ) and the beginning of the A.D. period (Anno Domini, or the Year of Our Lord). Most of his life was told in the four Gospels of the New Testament, written by Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Because these stories were not actual biographies and rather allegorical accounts with the purpose of telling the story of the Son of God and of spreading his religion, the actual historic data regarding the life of Jesus Christ is scarce.
It is believed that Jesus was born between 2 and 6 BCE in Bethlehem, Judea, part of the present-day West Bank. He was born to Mary, who was a virgin engaged to a local carpenter by the name of Joseph. Since a virgin cannot become pregnant, Christians believe that the birth of Jesus was the result of Immaculate Conception. According to Matthew, Jesus was born during the reign of Herod the Great, who, upon hearing that a miraculous child was to be born, ordered all of the children in that area, under the age of two, to be killed. Fortunately, Joseph was warned about this by an angel so he took the newborn baby and his wife to Egypt, where they stayed until Herod died and it was safe for them to return. They settled in Nazareth, Galilee. Not much is known about the early life of Jesus Christ. It is believed that since his teenage years he was working as a carpenter, continuing the family business. It is widely believed that his ministry began when he was 30. Jesus encountered John the Baptist, who saw him as the Son of God and baptized him in the River Jordan. After he was baptized, Jesus went into the desert to meditate and fast for 40 days and 40 nights in what is known as the Temptation of Christ.
After this, Jesus started traveling the land, teaching and performing miracles. This went on for three years before the Roman governors and Jewish leaders learned about him and immediately saw him as a danger to their interests. Because he claimed he was God, which was a violation of the Jewish law, Jewish leaders asked the Romans to execute him. The execution was authorized by Pilate, governor of the Southern province of Israel. Jesus Christ was brutally tortured and hung on a cross. It is believed that he died in less than three hours. However, three days later, he came back to life in front of hundreds of witnesses. He traveled for another 40 days before going back to Jerusalem where he rose up into the sky. After this miraculous event, the number of his followers and believers increased by thousands each day. The new religion was repressed during the first three centuries and it was only in 325 A.D. that it became the official religion in the Roman Empire, under the emperor Constantine.