History: Tonga (also called Friendly is lands) consists of 169 islands and islets in the south western Pacific Ocean. The Tropic of Capricorn and the International Dateline cross each other very near Tonga.
First visited by the Dutch in early 17th century, Tonga became a British protectorate in 1900 and independent on June 4, 1970. The island country was admitted to the United Nations in Sept. 1999.
Economy: Tonga is an agricultural country. Crops: coconuts, bananas, vanilla, coffee, ginger. Copra and bananas exported. Industry: Tourism, coconut products, fishing.
History: Formerly a British Colony, it achieved independence in 1962 and became a republic in 1976.
Ethnic profile: African descent 40.8%, Indians 40.7%, mixed races 16.3%, European, Chinese and others 2.2%.
Economy: there are large reserves of petroleum and natural gas. Trinidad and industrialized economy in the English-speaking Caribbean. Industries include oil processing, manufactured goods, fertilizers, rum, cement and tourism. Chief crops are sugarcane, citrus fruit, cocoa, coffee and bananas.
Recent Events: Former PM Basdeco panday was arrested on graft charges to the tune of $ 2.5.
History: A republic in North Africa, lying on the Mediterranean coast and formerly a French protectorate, Tunisia became autonomous in 1956 and assumed republican status in 1957. It is the site of ancient Carthage.
Economy: Tunisia is an agricultural country, and produces wheat, barley, oats, dates, olives, citrus fruits, almonds, figs, vegetables and alfa grass. The chief minerals are phosphates, iron, lead and zinc. Industry: Oil production, textiles, leather, fertilizers, construction materials, food processing. The principal exports are olive oil, wine, phosphates and grains.
History: Uganda is an equatorial state in East Africa. Formerly a British protectorate, Uganda became independent in 1962 and a republic in 1963. A military coup led by Lt. Gen. Tito Okello ousted Milton Obote’s govt. in 1985. Milton Obote had himself come to power after ousting dictator Idi Amin in 1979. In 1972, nearly all of Uganda’s 45,000 Asians were expelled.
Economy: The economy is agricultural. Main products are coffee (Africa;s biggest producer) and cotton. Industry: Tea, sugar, tobacco, textiles, beer and cement. Minerals: Copper, cobalt. Uganda’s economy has become the fastest growing in Africa.
Recent Events: In July, 2005 Uganda’s president Yoweri Museveni won an overwhelming victory in a referendum he promoted to end the single-party politics he imposed on the country 19 years ago.